Screen printing is a stenciled process that has been used for over 1,000 years. Sometimes called silkscreen art or serigraph, it is a versatile printing technique that can be applied to a variety of materials such as paper, glass, metal, and fabric. It is an essential skill for anyone who is interested in making art or crafts, and it can also be used for commercial printing jobs such as posters and clothing. The art of screen printing is often credited with launching the pop art movement, and it can be found in many famous artworks by both contemporary and historical artists.
Modern screen printing began in the early 20th century, when photo-sensitized emulsions made it possible to produce prints much more quickly and cheaply than previous methods. The first screen-printing machines used a fine mesh stretched across a frame to print on fabric, but today’s screens are typically made of plastic, silk, or polyester. The printmakers create a stencil on the screen by placing the design on transparency film and coating the surface of the screen with photo-sensitive emulsion. Then the stencil is exposed to UV light. Once the proper time period has elapsed, the areas of the stencil that have not been covered by the emulsion will harden, leaving a clear space where the ink will be placed.
Then, when the printing is complete, the plastisol ink is pressed through the screen onto a transfer sheet. The sheet is then passed through a conveyor dryer or heat tunnel, which cures the ink and makes it stick to the transfer paper. The transferred plastisol ink is then used to print on the fabric or paper that the printmakers are working with.
Once the printmakers have finished using the plastisol ink, they wash the screen and reclaim it for use on future projects. If the prints need to be touched up, they can do so by applying a small amount of tape or a screen filler to the areas that will be covered by the ink.
The screen-printing process is an excellent way to make a wide range of creative objects, from fashion apparel and accessories to decals, clock faces, and balloons. It is also a great way to make unique, original pieces of art. The Art of Screen Printing: A Comprehensive Guide can help you learn this fascinating, practical skill, and start making your own masterpieces.
Working with a Salt Lake City screen printing shop can be a rewarding collaboration that helps you bring your branding or design vision to life. By finding the right partner, communicating effectively, and maintaining open lines of communication, you can ensure a successful outcome and establish a long-term relationship with a reliable screen printing shop that meets your printing needs.